Types of Masonry

Charleston Masonry is a construction technique that adds value and aesthetics to any commercial property. It also reduces energy costs by providing better insulation.

Unlike other building materials, masonry is non-combustible and requires less maintenance. It can also reduce insurance rates because it provides greater protection against fires and break-ins.

Concrete masonry is one of the most common building materials used in modern times. It is versatile, durable and relatively affordable when compared to other materials like steel or timber. It can also be recycled and used over again. It is also a non-combustible material which helps reduce fire risks. Concrete is produced by mixing aggregate, a type of rubble or crushed stone, with cement and water. The strength of a concrete mixture relies on the proportions of these three elements. Using the right volumetric mixer for concrete work ensures that these elements are mixed to the perfect consistency and therefore produces the strongest, most durable results possible.

Masonry can be found throughout the built environment, with examples including retaining walls, bridges and pavements. It is often used as a structural element but can also be clad to form the exterior of buildings. Modern technology has allowed the use of innovative masonry materials which offer enhanced energy efficiency and other benefits.

Load-bearing masonry walls are an essential part of many structures, including schools, hospitals and office buildings. Masonry is also a popular choice for façades and claddings, with designs that can reflect the surrounding context and add visual appeal to a building. Masonry products such as portland cement plaster (stucco), cements for masonry, mortars and concrete brick provide durability, safety and beauty in a cost-effective manner.

Concrete and masonry are naturally strong, but the structural integrity of a masonry structure can be further enhanced by adding reinforcements such as metal bars or wire mesh. The addition of reinforcement increases the tensile and compressive strengths of a concrete mix, making it stronger and more resistant to damage or failure.

A well-designed, properly constructed masonry structure can withstand many forces such as earthquakes and wind loads. It can also withstand the effects of corrosion caused by salt or other chemicals. Masonry is often an ideal material for structures located in flood zones, as it can be designed to withstand high water pressures.

While masonry can have an initial environmental impact due to the mining and processing of raw materials, life cycle analyses often show that its longevity and low maintenance requirements help offset these impacts. Additionally, a number of innovative technologies are being developed to improve masonry’s performance and sustainability.


Granite is a dense, hard rock that can be used for a wide variety of construction projects. It forms deep inside the Earth under a volcano or mountain when magma (melted rock) cools and crystallizes. Granite is rich in minerals, including quartz and feldspar, which give it its color and hue. Other minerals, such as mica, can introduce black or green shades into the stone. It is relatively impervious to acid and alkali, making it suitable for many applications. Granite is also incredibly strong and durable. It can withstand severe weather conditions and is resistant to frost.

Because of its durability and beauty, granite is a popular choice for countertops, floors, and outdoor masonry projects. It is also available in a number of colors, so homeowners can find the perfect look for their home or business. Granite can be used to create beautiful walkways, steps, patios, walls, and monuments. It can be cut into different shapes and sizes to fit any style of home or business, and it is easy to clean and maintain.

Masonry is a time-consuming construction method, so it can take longer to build a structure using this technique than other methods. This can result in higher construction costs. Additionally, masonry structures can be very heavy, which can require more substantial foundation designs and increase the cost of materials and labor.

The use of masonry has been an important part of architectural history, from the cathedrals of the Gothic period to the skyscrapers that defined modernism. Although modern architecture sought to break away from traditional masonry styles, it still utilized the use of blocks, bricks, and concrete.

Limestone is a natural material that can be used in a variety of ways for a masonry project. It is a popular choice for flooring and can be found in a variety of colors, textures, and patterns. It is often used in bathrooms and kitchens, but can be used for walls, steps, or even entire buildings.

One of the biggest advantages of limestone is that it is a sustainable material that provides energy efficiency and a long life cycle. It is also environmentally friendly, since it uses less energy to manufacture than other types of building materials. In addition, limestone is durable and easy to care for, so it will last a long time.

Natural Stones

Natural stone is a unique material that has been used in building construction for centuries. It is very durable and offers a unique look to any structure. Many different types of stones are available to use for masonry, and each has its own special characteristics that make it ideal for specific applications.

A natural stone is a rock that has formed naturally through the geological process. It starts out as a sedimentary rock and then is metamorphosed by heat and pressure from within the earth’s crust. It can either remain as a sedimentary rock or may be transformed into another type of rock, such as sandstone.

When a stone is masonry, it is usually placed in mortared horizontal courses, or courses of stones that are lined up together. This helps to keep the stones from shifting, and it also allows for a more consistent appearance throughout the entire project.

Stones can be arranged in several ways for masonry projects, depending on the type of design and how it is to be installed. One way is to install the stone as a veneer, which means that it isn’t a part of the structural wall. Another way is to use it as a non-structural facing that’s tied back to the structure.

Other types of stone masonry include using it as an arch, vault or dome, and abutment walls. An arch is a structural feature that supports an opening in the side of a wall. A vault is a space extending vertically from the floor of a room or building. A buttress is a support or anchor for a column or arch.

When installing stone masonry, it’s important to have a good understanding of the terminology that is associated with the process. This will help ensure that you have the correct product for the job at hand and that it is installed correctly.

Some common terms to know when installing natural stone are abutment, bond beam, back arch and spandrel. Other terms to understand are arc lintel, belt course, face cut, gable and nipple. It’s also helpful to know that natural stone is a porous material, so it will need to be sealed to resist penetration of spilled liquids.


A combination of sand, a binding material like lime or cement and water, mortar is used in masonry building to bridge the space between brick, block, stone or concrete masonry units. It is also used to add a decorative pattern in brick or stone masonry. It can also be mixed with a latex or polymer additive to make thin-set mortar, which is used to install tile. Mortar is used as a base under tiles, and it also helps to even out the surface of the brick or stone for an easier and smoother finish.

There are a variety of mortar types used in construction, each with its own unique characteristics. Each type of mortar is designed for a specific purpose, and the strength it will reach depends on how it’s prepared and applied. A mason should follow proper mixing procedures for the best results. For example, the sand should be well mixed and not clumped together before adding the rest of the materials. It’s also important to use the correct water to cement ratio for the application. Too much water will result in a weak mortar, while too little water won’t create a strong enough bond to hold the bricks or blocks in place.

The mortar used in masonry is usually made from portland cement, although some companies now manufacture it with a hydrated lime additive to produce masonry cement. The type of mortar a mason chooses will depend on the building’s structure and environment. For example, a building with high exposure to the elements will require a mortar that has good resistance to free-thaw deterioration.

Masonry construction requires a wide range of tools, including hammers, mallets, chisels and gouges, which can be used to shape and dress the stones. They can be hand-held or powered by machines. In addition, there are various devices to handle the stone at the construction site, including different forms of frame and circular saws and surfacing machines. A mason must be familiar with all of these tools in order to properly prepare and work with them.

Diving into Commercial Plumbing: Understanding the Role and Responsibilities

A commercial plumber works in larger buildings, such as office buildings, gyms, restaurants, malls and hotels. These spaces are used by hundreds of people daily, which means the plumbing system can take more wear and tear than a residential space.


Additionally, many commercial properties have specific building codes that need to be followed. This makes the job of a commercial plumber even more difficult. Contact Woodlands Plumbing for professional assistance.

Unlike residential plumbing, commercial projects require more training and expertise. This is because they deal with larger systems and more complex plumbing structures that aren’t as easy to navigate or understand. They also require specialized knowledge of health and safety regulations to ensure that buildings are safe for the occupants.

Aspiring plumbers can pursue a variety of educational and professional development options. They can enroll in an apprenticeship program, which allows them to work alongside a master plumber and earn a paycheck while they learn the trade. Alternatively, they can pursue an associate degree program at a vocational school or community college. These programs can take about two years to complete and include both classroom instruction and hands-on experience. Many of these programs also offer certification exams upon graduation, which can help boost a plumber’s job opportunities.

Another option is to participate in a professional development program offered by a trade association or plumbing manufacturer. These courses can cover topics like piping techniques, plumbing codes, kitchen and bathroom rough-in, fixture installation, and water heater repair and replacement. They can also teach plumbers the skills and knowledge they need to handle more advanced plumbing tasks, like repiping and installing medical gas piping systems.

In addition to completing an apprenticeship or professional development program, many states require plumbers to obtain a license. They can do this by passing a licensing exam, which typically covers local plumbing codes and practical knowledge. Some states even offer continuing education courses for licensed plumbers to stay current on the latest industry trends.

Finally, some plumbers choose to seek out a specialization in the field. This can help them increase their earning potential and gain access to more unique project opportunities. For example, a plumber who becomes certified to install green plumbing solutions can help customers save money on their utility bills while reducing their environmental impact.

As the demand for skilled tradespeople continues to grow, so will the need for specialized plumbers who can handle more demanding and complex plumbing projects. With the right combination of education, hands-on experience, and specialized training, a plumber can succeed in this highly rewarding career.

Communication Skills

In addition to their technical knowledge, plumbers need good customer service skills to interact with customers, co-workers and other professionals. Using these skills to establish and maintain positive relationships can help plumbers build client loyalty and improve job satisfaction.

Effective communication is especially crucial during emergency plumbing situations. These events can be highly stressful, and the plumber must quickly explain how they will repair the problem and provide advice on how to prevent future issues.

Plumbing technology is always evolving, and it’s important for plumbers to remain current with industry trends, new regulations and customer demands. Those who stay up-to-date on these changes can make themselves more valuable and competitive in the marketplace.

As with many types of work, plumbing requires attention to detail to ensure precise measurements and properly fit pipe connections. Commercial plumbers also rely on analytical thinking to identify and resolve complex plumbing challenges. They use their skills to review blueprints and technical drawings in order to plan installations and repairs accurately.

Commercial plumbing involves working on a variety of systems, including water supply, drainage, sewer and septic systems and gas lines. In some cases, plumbers may need to install specialized equipment such as water heaters and showerheads. They may also be called upon to install and repair ADA-compliant faucets, toilets and other fixtures.

Plumbing is a physically demanding job that requires manual dexterity, coordination and physical stamina to handle pipes and tools. It’s also common for plumbers to work in confined spaces or at heights, and they must be comfortable maneuvering these areas while maintaining their balance and agility.

In some cases, plumbers may need to solder or weld pipes, and they must be proficient in a variety of hand and power tools. It’s also important for plumbers to understand how different tools work and how they are used. This ensures that the plumber can select the correct tool for each job and perform the task effectively. The ability to follow safety protocols and procedures also indicates a strong commitment to the profession. It can also reduce liability and prevent accidents or injuries.

Multiple Building Code Requirements

Plumbing systems in commercial buildings are more complex than those in residential structures. This is mainly due to the building size, which means there are multiple floors, numerous sinks and toilets and other water fixtures. Moreover, the building might be occupied by hundreds of people on a daily basis, which increases the pressure on the system. This also implies that a small damage in the pipes might have severe consequences if it is not fixed immediately.

Besides, there are multiple codes and regulations that must be adhered to by plumbers working on commercial projects. For instance, a plumbing installation must have a venting system and backflow prevention device to prevent cross-contamination of potable and nonpotable water supplies. These devices are regulated by the ASSE International (formerly known as American Society of Sanitary Engineering) Codes and Standards.

Another regulation is that there must be a trap in all drain lines that convey wastewater and sewage. Moreover, these traps must be at least 2 inches in diameter. Additionally, the pipe from a sewer line to the main drain must have an adequate slope and be protected by a trap sleeve that is at least two pipe sizes larger than the pipe passing through the wall.

The pipe size and grade should be clearly indicated in the construction documents for the project. Moreover, the construction documents must include a schematic diagram showing the locations of all plumbing fixtures and piping. The plumbing design should also indicate the elevation of the lowest floor level, the location of all public sewer access covers and the elevation of the street or road to which the building sewers drain.

In addition, plumbing installations should conform to the NYC Construction Codes: Building (BC), Plumbing (PC) and Fuel Gas (FGC). In case of existing systems, any additions, repairs or alterations must not cause the existing system to become unsafe, hazardous or overloaded.

In order to comply with the requirements of these codes, plumbers need to have a permit. However, the requirement to obtain a permit varies depending on the type of work being performed. For example, simple repairs like replacing faucets, toilets and sinks do not require a permit, while the installation of new water heaters, fire sprinklers or other mechanical equipment requires a permit.

Complex Systems

When it comes to plumbing systems, commercial buildings have much more complex requirements than residential homes. This is mostly due to the fact that commercial spaces often have many more people using the same plumbing fixtures than a single household would. This means that a small problem with one of the fixtures might have a bigger impact on the entire system than if it were in a house. This also means that commercial plumbers need to have a thorough understanding of how each system in a building works together so that they can fix any problems that arise.

In addition, the pipes used in a commercial space are typically larger than those used in a home. This is because commercial spaces often have more high-usage fixtures like toilets, sinks, and water fountains. This requires more durable pipe materials that can withstand frequent use. Moreover, the water heaters used in commercial spaces are usually much more powerful than those found in homes. This is because they must be able to heat large amounts of water for a number of people at once.

Another factor that makes commercial plumbing more complicated is that it’s often required to adhere to a variety of different codes and regulations. This includes local, state, and federal rules and regulations that apply to commercial spaces. This can be challenging for plumbers who aren’t familiar with these rules. It’s important for commercial plumbers to understand these laws so that they can provide accurate services and ensure the safety of everyone in a commercial space.

Commercial plumbing is a more challenging field than residential plumbing, but it can also be more rewarding. Plumbers who specialize in commercial work can make a big difference in the lives of businesses and the people who work in them. They need to have specialized training, knowledge of various code requirements, and experience working with large systems in busy commercial buildings. They also need to be able to communicate effectively with their customers and other contractors.

A clogged bathroom in a hotel can affect many guests, so it’s important for commercial plumbers to be able to address the issue quickly. They must be able to work on multiple floors in large buildings, navigate crowded hallways, and keep guests happy while they’re fixing the problem.

What Does a Roofer Do?

Corpus Christi Roofers are trained to spot and repair roofing problems, preventing minor issues from becoming major headaches. Professional roofers will also perform regular inspections to make sure everything is working correctly and to catch any potential problems before they become bigger problems.

They are familiar with a wide range of materials and roofing styles. Roofers have distinct personality traits such as being realistic individuals, independent and persistent. See how your personality matches up with this career by taking our free career test.

Professional roofers often have access to better materials than average homeowners do. This is because they connect with multiple suppliers, and this can save them money on wholesale materials that aren’t available to the general public.

In addition, they may also have access to tools that aren’t readily available for sale or rent to the general public. This includes things like roofing shovels, pry bars, hammers, drills, ladders, tape measures, chalk lines, and framing squares.

Roofers must also be proficient in the use of all relevant safety regulations and protocols, especially when it comes to working on a rooftop. This is why most industrialized countries have specific rules and laws focusing on work done on roofs. This is an important consideration for people who are considering hiring a roofer.

They Have High-Quality Insurance Policies and Warranties

Roofers are skilled at installing roofing systems and are often able to provide a warranty on the work they do. Depending on the type of roofing system installed, manufacturers may also provide warranties on specific aspects of the materials. For example, a manufacturer may guarantee architectural shingles for a longer period than three-tab shingles. In addition to manufacturer warranties, roofers often offer their own labor warranties that provide additional protection for customers.

Because roofers must work at heights, they need to be particularly careful. If they’re not, falls could occur, and a customer might be held liable. That’s why it’s important for roofers to have workers’ compensation insurance. This insurance can cover the cost of medical bills and lost wages if an employee is injured on the job.

Many roofers also carry general liability insurance, which can cover third-party bodily injury. This type of coverage is particularly useful in cases where a roofer’s tools fall off the roof and hit someone below them. Additionally, it can help cover legal fees and settlement costs if a lawsuit is brought against the roofer.

In addition to insurance policies, roofers need to have specialized construction equipment such as scaffolding, ladders, and roofing vehicles. That’s why it’s often a good idea to work with a roofing company that has its own fleet of these items. In this way, you can rest assured that the crew will have everything they need to complete your project safely and effectively.

Some contractors advertise a “Lifetime Warranty” for their services, but the truth is they usually only offer 2 to 10 years of labor warranty protection. These jack-of-all-trades roofers are misleading their customers with hot buttons words like “Lifetime” and hiding the true information within fine print. A professional roofer will clearly state their labor warranty in their contracts. Then, you can compare it to others in the industry to see which one truly offers the best quality.

They Have Great Customer Service

Roofers work with customers all day long, discussing project details and addressing any questions or concerns. Their customer service skills are crucial to ensuring client satisfaction, as they must be able to explain roofing materials, techniques and procedures in a way that customers can understand.

A good roofer also knows how important it is to take safety precautions while working on a roof. They will always wear the proper gear and use tools designed to ensure their own safety as well as the safety of others who are on the job site with them. This level of professionalism shows that they take the project and their clients seriously.

Depending on the type of roof being installed, roofers may need to use a variety of tools, including roofing shovels and pry bars to remove old shingles and debris, as well as hammers, saws, drills, axes, knifes, pavers, tape measures, chalk lines, framing squares and more. They are also knowledgeable about the installation process, including determining how many shingles to order and which styles will look best on a home.

Another thing that sets a great roofer apart is their knowledge of local building codes and requirements. This allows them to make sure that the work they do is up to code and safe for future use. It also helps them avoid costly fines and other legal issues down the road.

If you are looking for a new roof, there are many advantages to working with a professional roofer. They can install, repair and replace a wide variety of roofs for both homes and commercial properties. They also have access to better materials and can often get the best prices on the best materials because they do this for a living. They can also help you file an insurance claim and take care of other aspects of the re-roofing process that average homeowners are not familiar with.

The cost of a roofer can vary widely, but it is important to find one who will provide you with high-quality workmanship and a good value. If you are looking for a roofer, check out the Zippia Research Team’s reviews and ratings to find the right match for your needs.

They Have Financing Options

Roofers help keep buildings protected by installing, repairing, or replacing their roofs. They work with a variety of materials, including shingles and bitumen. This in-demand career is perfect for people who enjoy climbing to high heights, working with their hands, and solving problems. Typically, roofers complete a high school diploma and pursue an apprenticeship or trade school to learn their craft. Some even have specialized certifications for specific types of roofing.

Many roofers offer financing for their services. Large, nationwide companies often have their own in-house financing providers. This helps make the entire process easier for homeowners, as they can get approved and receive funds in as little as 24 hours. These companies also tend to have lower interest rates than credit cards, and you won’t be penalized for paying back your loan early.

Besides offering their own financing, most roofers partner with third-party lenders to provide loans for roofing projects. Some lenders, like Upgrade, specialize in home improvement financing, so they know what it takes to finance a roof project. Their online application is easy, and they don’t charge a prepayment penalty for paying your loan off early.

If you’re not comfortable with a personal loan, you may be interested in a home equity line of credit (HELOC). Similar to a credit card, you can borrow up to a certain limit, and the interest you pay is tax-deductible. However, HELOCs require you to pledge your home as collateral, so it’s best used for long-term or surprise expenses.

Another option is to use a credit card with 0% interest for six or 12 months. This can be a good way to fund your roof, but you should be aware of the APR after that promotional period ends. Additionally, most credit cards will charge a transaction fee when you make a purchase, which can add up over time.

Septic Tank Installation

Septic tank services help homeowners keep their septic system working and in good condition. Regular inspections and frequent pumping reduce the risk of system failure, resulting in sewage seeping above ground or into the absorption field, and contaminating groundwater supplies.

When a septic tank is pumped, a large truck with vacuum equipment enters the manhole and removes the sludge from the septic tank. This sewage is then taken to a local sewage treatment plant for processing. Contact Septic Tank Services Near Me now!

Septic tank installation is complex and requires specialized equipment. Homeowners who want to install a septic system should work with a qualified and experienced contractor. This is the best way to ensure that the system will function properly for years to come. A reputable septic tank service will take several factors into consideration, such as the size of the house and water usage. They will also check the soil type and quality to see if it is suitable for a septic system.

The first step in septic tank installation is excavation. A hole with the proper dimensions is dug for the septic tank and any necessary plumbing and drainage. The ground is then graded and sloped so that water will drain away from the septic tank. It is important to use bedding material that minimizes settling and will not damage the absorption field.

A septic tank is typically constructed of reinforced concrete or plastic. The installer will install the inlet and outlet pipes and any pumps or distribution boxes. They will also ensure that all connections are tight and sealed to prevent leaks or contamination.

After the septic tank is in place, it will be tested to make sure it is watertight. Backfilling is then completed around the septic tank. The backfill should be free of clods, large rocks, frozen matter and other debris that could result in voids over time. The best choice is a porous backfill such as crushed rock or gravel 1/2-inch in diameter.

Once the septic system is in place, homeowners should keep it free of obstructions and limit water usage. Frequent sewage backups and toilet clogs are signs that the septic tank or drain field may be malfunctioning. It is also a good idea to map out the location of the septic system or mark access points with stakes, so that people don’t accidentally damage it while doing yard work or home repairs. A septic system can last for 20 to 40 years, depending on how well it is maintained.


The septic tank is one of the most important components in a home’s septic system. It is responsible for distilling and separating water and waste from household sinks, toilets, showers, dishwashers and washing machines before releasing it into the soil. Regular inspections of the tank can prevent serious problems that could threaten the health and safety of a family.

In addition to checking the septic tank’s level, an inspector will look for cracks in the tank or baffles. A crack in the tank can allow wastewater to leak into the ground, which is a severe and expensive problem.

It’s also recommended to map out the location of your septic tank and other systems, such as the absorption field. This will make it easier to avoid damaging the tank or the drainfield when doing yard work or doing home maintenance. It will also help you avoid constructing structures that would block or limit access to the tank and distribution box.

A septic tank should be located far from wells and streams to prevent contamination from the water or waste that enters the system. You should also keep it away from plants, pets and vehicles that might damage the system. It’s also a good idea to never park or drive a vehicle or machine over the tank or its drainfield.

When a septic system fails, raw sewage backs into the house, which can cause lasting odors, stains and water damage, as well as posing a serious health risk. It’s a good idea to schedule septic inspections regularly and have the system pumped when the sludge reaches about three-quarters of its capacity.

Septic system inspections are often required when purchasing a home, as the condition of a septic system can affect its value. Inspections performed by a Certified Septic Tank Service can prevent major problems before they occur, so that homeowners and home buyers are not surprised by a costly repair bill after closing on the home.

When a septic system is inspected, the inspector will check the date when the tank was last pumped and may test for a crack by flushing dye down a toilet. A cracked septic tank can lead to sewage leaks that are difficult to fix, so it’s best to catch any issues before they become serious.


Septic tank pumping removes the wastewater sludge and scum from your septic system. It is an important part of septic tank maintenance and is recommended on a regular basis.

However, there are factors that can affect how often you need to have your septic tank pumped. These include the size of your household and how much wastewater is produced, as well as the size of your septic tank and its capacity. In general, you should have your septic tank pumped when the sludge level reaches a third of the tank’s total volume or when it is nearing full.

When you have your septic tank pumped, the sludge and scum are removed from the top and bottom of the tank. The baffles and effluent filters in the septic tank keep these solids from washing into your drain field, but if they become too full, the solids can wash into the drain field area and clog it.

Having your septic tank pumped is an effective way to prevent costly repairs and extend the lifespan of your septic system.

After your septic tank has been pumped, it is important to follow some simple steps to protect your septic system and to avoid future problems. First, it is essential to use caution when opening the heavy septic tank lid. This is especially true if children or pets are around, as the open tank can be dangerous. Once you have opened the septic tank lid, never leave it open for long periods of time. It is also a good idea to install a safety latch on the lid to keep children and animals away from the tank.

To keep your septic system functioning effectively, it is also important to not plant any trees or shrubs within the absorption field area. Roots from these plants can grow into the pipes and clog them. It is also a good idea to have your septic tank and drain lines regularly cleaned.

When you hire a professional to clean your septic system, they will inspect the tank and absorption field and perform any necessary services. They will also recommend the most suitable cleaning and repair options for your septic system. They will also provide you with a written report that will indicate the septic tank condition and any recommendations for repairs.


Septic tanks need to be pumped regularly in order to keep them from overflowing. Keeping up with this maintenance will extend the life of your septic system, ensuring that waste is removed from your home without leaking into groundwater sources. It’s also important to maintain regular inspections so that potential problems can be spotted and fixed before they become more serious.

If your home starts to drain slowly or even back up, this is a sign that your septic tank is full and needs to be pumped out immediately. This problem can lead to wastewater backed up into your house’s plumbing, which can cause significant damage and health hazards. If you notice a foul smell around your septic tank, this is another sign that it’s time to have it pumped.

When you do decide to hire a professional service for your septic tank, make sure they have the necessary equipment and experience handling this biohazardous waste. They should also know how to properly dispose of it according to EPA guidelines.

One other thing to consider when choosing a service is their location. The septic tank needs to be located in a place that’s easy to access so that it can be pumped and inspected on a regular basis. It should also be away from any buildings, water sources, and other features that could interfere with drainage.

In addition to the tank itself, septic systems also include the drainfield, which treats wastewater through a process of settling and separation. In the drainfield, heavy solid waste particles settle to the bottom of the septic tank and form a layer known as sludge. Lighter wastes such as grease and oils rise to the top of the septic tank and form scum layers. In between these two layers is a filtered water layer called effluent. The drainfield then discharges the effluent into the soil where it’s treated by natural bacteria and other organisms.

To help your septic system work effectively, it’s a good idea to avoid using any type of septic-system-safe chemicals or products in the house and to limit how much water is used per day. Overusing your septic system can cause it to fill up too quickly, which can reduce its ability to treat wastewater properly. You should also be sure to plant vegetation far enough away from your septic tank, so that the roots don’t get into the drainfield and cause clogs.